An alcoholic beverage may be called pálinka if: While pálinka is traditionally made from a mash of ripe fruit, the law does not control the addition of non-concentrated fruit juice, and explicitly allows the use of fruit pulp. There are two types of distillation processes used: in a pot still or in a column still. Therefore over time I began to understand how it was done. During the second distillation one distinguishes between előpárlat (foreshots), középpárlat (middle cut) and utópárlat (feints). The second distillation has the biggest influence on the quality of the pálinka and thus requires special skills. If served too cold, the smell and the taste will be difficult to appreciate. Tuica—or Romanian plum brandy—is fermented and distilled plums. In any given year 23 million people are dependent on alcohol across the continent. Pălincă is tyipcally made in Transilvania (Carpathian Valley Region), but is enjoyed across Romania. The quality of pálinka is largely influenced by the quality of the fruit used, hence the distiller has to choose good quality fruit with a rich taste. These local variations are protected as separate geographical indications and have their own well-detailed regulations. Pálinkas with PDO include szatmári szilvapálinka (plum pálinka of Szatmár), kecskeméti barackpálinka (apricot pálinka of Kecskemét), szabolcsi almapálinka (apple pálinka of Szabolcs), békési szilvapálinka (plum pálinka of Békés), gönci barackpálinka (apricot pálinka of Gönc), újfehértói meggypálinka (sour cherry pálinka of Újfehértó), göcseji körtepálinka (pear pálinka of Göcsej) and pannonhalmi törkölypálinka (pomace pálinka of Pannonhalma). Romania: Revenue in the Alcoholic Drinks market is projected to reach US$3,743m in 2020. In 1920, there were 260 pálinka distilleries in Hungary, a figure that grew to 1,070 in 1970 before falling back down to 815 in 1982. Close. Palincă. The előpárlat is not used, even though much of the taste is contained in this cut. The second step in the production process is fermentation. 1576/89 al Consiliului, Romulus Dascalu, presedintele Organizatiei Patronale a Industriei Alcoolului si Bauturilor Alcoolice - GARANT, 2002, Care este diferența esențială între țuică și pălincă. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Romania. The use of wheat was banned, and distillation was forbidden on religious holidays. Diferența dintre țuică și pălincă constă în faptul că țuica se produce doar din prune. Participă peste 80 de scriitori din ţară şi străinătate. [4] In Hungarian, the word Tótpálinka (literally 'Slavic pálinka') was used to refer to alcoholic drinks derived from wheat.[5]. Based on 2016 data, with an area under vine of 191k hectares, Romania was similar in size to Chile and Portugal. To 100 liters of pálinka at least 10 kg of ripe or 5 kg of dried fruit must be added. It is commonly made from the fermentation of plums, but other fruits used include apricots, apples, pears, peaches and cherries. A relative will be in Romania for 4 weeks, this summer. This saying suggests that pálinka can be made from a variety of fruit, and indeed it is made from most of the fruits available in Hungary. The number of liters of alcohol consumed per capita in Romania increased during the period concerned, from 8.8 liters per capita in 2003 reaching 9.1 liters per capita in 2011. Ó ('old') is a pálinka aged for at least 12 months in a wooden cask smaller than 1000 litres, or for at least 24 months in a wooden cask of 1000 litres or above. Pálinka, Hungarian fruit brandy, is a strong alcoholic beverage appreciated for its potency, flavor, and fragrance. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Romania divided by total area of the country. Acasă / Produse de băcănie / Pălincă. [4] Numele în grafia română (pălincă) poate fi folosit în România. The “pălinca” aroma comes from the fruits from which is made and the percentage of alcohol is the result of fruit fermentation. “Pălinca” or “ţuica” is a beverage of at least 50% alcohol, obtained through fruit fermentation and double distillation, without additional sugar, synthetic aromas, colorants, alcohol or other ingredients. Festivalul Internaţional de Poezie organizat de Revista Poesis şi Concursul judeţean de Pălincă. I'm off for a quick visit to Bucharest soon, and want to bring back a bottle of Romanian alcoholic drink for a Romanian friend in The UK. I'm not sure what drinks are made in Romania, but I'm looking for a bottle of spirit type drink or poss liqueur type - not beer or wine.Something enjoyable and local. 1. Protected as a geographical indication of the European Union, only fruit spirits mashed, distilled, matured and bottled in Hungary, and similar apricot spirits from four provinces of Austria can be called "pálinka", while "Tótpálinka" refers to wheat-derived beverages. OIV statistics place Romania fifth in Europe overall and tenth in the world for the area under vine. Private distilleries and factories started to appear towards the end of the eighteenth century, which led to legislation and to the introduction of a pálinka tax. Pălinca românească cucerește Europa! Pálinka can be purchased throughout Hungary, sampled at restaurants, and ordered online. Pálinka can be aged in wooden casks (made of, e.g., mulberry wood) or in tanks made of metal. Pun pariu că veți știi care … Records show that Cistercian monks in Heves County were brewing beer and distilling pálinka in 1715. The words pálinka (in Hungarian), pálenka (Polish, Czech and Slovak) and pălincă (Romanian) derive from the Slavonic stem paliti, 'to burn, to distill'. Palinca sau pălinca (în maghiară Pálinka) este o băutură alcoolică tradițională din Ungaria și România[1], cu un conținut ridicat de alcool (52% procentajul legal). The stony seed is removed from the fruits that have such (e.g., cherry, apricot, plum) in order to prevent the cyanide contained in these seeds from ending up in the distillate. In Austria, four provinces are allowed to label local apricot spirits as Barack Palinka (transliteration of Hungarian barackpálinka): Burgenland, Lower Austria, Styria, and Vienna. 5 10 15 20 World Health Organization, 2018 Alcohol per capita (15+) consumption (in litres of pure alcohol) 2010* 2016* Recorded 11.0 10.4 Unrecorded 4.0 2.2 Pálinka as a geographical indication (in other terms, a product with protected designation of origin or PDO) has been officially registered in the European Union since 2004. Dried fruits are excluded from the mash only, and may be used in the aging process. And there are plenty more telling figures. In order to use these protected names on the label, strict geographical and technical requirements must be met. Illegal home distilling became popular in the 18th century when peasant breweries were shut down. Because the end product was often inferior, it was reserved for personal use and only offered to friends and guests. Similar products exist in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia known as Pálenka as well as in Romania under the name Pălincă[2][3]. The first records of the Hungarian spirit date back to the fourteenth century (1332); called Aqua vitae reginae Hungariae, it referred to the aqua vitae of the wife of the King Charles I of Hungary. Pălincă is a twice or thrice distilled version of Țuică. A popular saying in Hungary says: what can be used to prepare jam can also be used to produce pálinka. There are two kinds of alcohol, those that are fermented and those that are fermented and then distilled. Producătorii de pălincă din România se întorc acasă cu marele premiu și zeci de medalii câștigate la Quintessence, cel mai mare concurs de băuturi distilate din regiune.. România demonstrează la început de 2019 că are producători de pălincă ce au depășit dimensiunea tradițională a acestui distilat transilvănean. Ágyas ('bedded') is a pálinka aged for at least three months together with fruit. The practice was fuelled by the desire to make use of fruit that had fallen from the tree and could not be eaten, coupled with the knowledge that making pálinka at home was much less expensive. Some fruits, like quince, require an additive to start the fermentation process (e.g., citric acid). Ţuică is a traditional Romanian alcoholic beverage, usually made from plums. Distillation in a pot still is considered to be the traditional way of distillation (kisüsti pálinka refers to a pálinka distilled in a pot still no bigger than 1000 litres). Not all varieties of pálinka can be aged in wooden casks because the wood can cancel the fruity taste of the drink. Comenius described the equipment used to make pálinka in Orbis sensualium pictus ("The World in Pictures"), his famous book written for children in the Hungarian town of Sárospatak. Some people make their own pálinka, and festivals in Budapest and throughout Hungary celebrate pálinka as one of the country's favorite beverages. The role of Jewish lenders and businessmen also grew with the production of alcohol, and Saint Michael was designated patron saint of distilling. Posted by 3 years ago. Distillation in a column still involves a single distillation. The process is faster and cheaper than distillation in a pot still, and hence the resulting pálinka is cheaper. Unlike Hungarian pálinka, its Austrian counterpart may not be made with column stills, and in order to achieve a full character, careful slow distillation is required by law.[9]. The form of the glass used to drink pálinka affects the drinking experience. Other spirits that are produced from other fruit or from a cereal grain are called "rachiu" or "rachie". 368/2008 pentru aprobarea Normelor privind definirea, descrierea, prezentarea și etichetarea băuturilor tradiționale românești, Pălinca, „țuica diplomaților“. The stronger type of Tuica is known as Palinca and usually comes from … While pálinka has PDO on its own, some regions of Hungary are especially suitable for the production of certain fruits, and pálinka of excellent quality has been produced in those regions for centuries. Romania population density. Filtrează The first step in the production process is the preparation of the fruit mash. Traditionally, it is prepared from October to December throughout Romania (often at home or locally), of only plums and yeast. It was not long before a pálinka tax was introduced, and by 1850 distillation was a state monopoly. Alcohol in Romania: Beer, Wines & Spirits Best known internationally for its cheap yet good wine, Romania also offers some decent beer and very strong spirits. Ultima editare a paginii a fost efectuată la 12 aprilie 2020, ora 00:39. How alcohol was made was a mysterious enigma. [11][12] The traditional double distillation process results in a strong alcohol content of 40 to 70 percent ABV.[13][14]. Pălincă tradițională - de cazan mic. The word pálinka became widespread in Hungary in the 17th century, but it still referred to distillates made from grain. la comercializarea pentru consum; k) depozitarea, păstrarea și învechirea produsului se realizează în vase din lemn, inox sau din. Tuica is a clear or light yellow and often very strong (between 45–60%) liquor which is sold in stores all over Romania. Modern commercial production occurs in Hungary and parts of Austria. The meaning was later transferred to fruit spirits while wheat distillates were referred to as crematura. In Romania, however, making your own alcohol is virtually a national right. The third step in the production process is distillation. The most common pálinkas are made from apricots, pears, and plums. The market is expected to grow annually by 5.7% (CAGR 2020-2025). has the name "rachiu", etc. The production of Hungarian pálinka is regulated by local law LXXIII of 2008, often referred to as "pálinka law", which is based on the regulation of generic fruit spirits of the European Union. Most of the brands re-categorized as spirit drinks, however, are cheap mixtures of flavorings, water, and rectified spirit.[7]. Some fruits (e.g., apple, pear, quince) are ground in order to make the mash soft. 110/2008 AL PARLAMENTULUI EUROPEAN ȘI AL CONSILIULUI din 15 ianuarie 2008, privind definirea, desemnarea, prezentarea, etichetarea și protecția indicațiilor geografice ale, băuturilor spirtoase și de abrogare a Regulamentului (CEE) nr. Cider/perry was the standout growth category as consumption habits in Romania aligned more closely with those in Western countries, aided by new flavours and product packaging. 1. Țuica reprezintă un simbol al ardelenilor și a fost atestată documentar în Bistrița, la 1386, într-un act maghiar de percepție fiscală sub numele de „cujka”. Traditional pálinkas mixed with honey were also rebranded as szeszes ital (or liqueur if the sugar content exceeded the required limit), even if there were no unorthodox steps in the process of distillation. Slivovitz, slivovitza, slivovitsa, sliboviță, šljivovica, śliwowica, Schlivowitz, slivovice, slivovica or slivovka is a fruit spirit (or fruit brandy) made from damson plums, often referred to as plum spirit (or plum brandy). Law forbade the use of bread-stuffs for distillation, hence the use of fruits. Archived Comments are locked. Legislation legalized small home distillers in 2010.[15]. For a fruit to be suitable for jam production it has to contain some sugar. Alcoholic drinks in Romania recorded further on-trade and off-trade volume growth in 2019 in the context of an improving economic background. Cum se prepară cea mai bună licoare din țară, renumită și-n Japonia, Secretele pălincii din Țara Oașului țin de calitatea solului, dar și de legendă și ritual, Țuica de Zalău, „moneda de schimb” care a deschis uși, a cumpărat bunăvoință și a ținut generații de tineri în facultate, https://ro.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Palincă&oldid=13356822, Creative Commons cu atribuire și distribuire în condiții identice, c) având un conținut în substanțe volatile mai mare sau egal cu 200 de grame la. Cazacu , Sorin, "The Battle for Palinka", in EU Observer,Transitions Online (03/04/2003), product with protected designation of origin, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/food-safety-and-quality/certification/quality-labels/geographical-indications-register/, https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/food-safety-and-quality/certification/quality-labels/geographical-indications-register/includes/showSpecification.cfm?attachmentId=55652, Codex Alimentarius Austriacus B 23 - Spirituosen, Act 73/2008 about pálinka, törkölypálinka, and Pálinka National Council, A description of the palinka with protected designation of origin (in Hungarian), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pálinka&oldid=995404454, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from October 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, it is fermented exclusively from fruit (excluding concentrates and dried fruits) grown in Hungary, and free of additional ingredients, and, it is grown, distilled and bottled in Hungary, and, it is not rectified higher than 86% and is bottled with at least 37.5%. 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